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生态环境治理体系和治理能力现代化需要关注的问题

作者: 任勇 日期: 2019-04-10 文章来源:gd视讯_gd视讯平台-「开户首充送大礼」 浏览次数: 字号: [ ]

dangdeshibadayilai,zaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdejianqianglingdaoxia,gdshixundangbashengtaiwenmingjianshezuoweitongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibujuhexiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujudezhongyaoneirong,kaizhanleyixiliegenbenxing、kaichuangxing、zhangyuanxinggongzuo,tichuleyixiliexinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,tuidongshengtaihuanjingbaohufashenglishixing、zhuanzhexing、quanjuxingbianhua。

gd视讯  zaizheixiebianhuazhong,you3gefangmianzuiweizhongyao: yishixingchenglesixiangchengguo,jixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang;ershixingchenglezhiduchengguo,jigaigejianlileshengtaiwenmingtizhide“siliangbazhu”;sanshixingchengleshijianchengguo,jishengtaihuanjingzhiliangcongzhangqichuyuzongtiehuadetaishixiangwenzhongxianghaotaishidezhuanbian,renminqunzhonghuodeleshishizaizaideduiyuyoumeishengtaihuanjingdexingfugan。xijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangdexingcheng,wanchengleshengtaiwenmingjianshezaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu、lilun、zhiduhewenhuazhongdezongbuju。guojiashengtaihuanjingzhilitixihezhilinengliziranjiuchengweiguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglideyoujizuchengbufen,shiquanmianshenhuagaigedezhongyaorenwu,qixiandaihuashuipingjuyoucujinwanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudequanjuxingyiyi。

  dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuiyilai,weiraoshengtaiwenmingjianshedezhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,woguochutaijinbaifengaigewenjian。zongtishangkan,ziranziyuanzichanchanquanzhidu、guotukaifabaohuzhidu、kongjianguihuatixi、ziyuanzongliangguanlihejieyuezhidu、ziyuanyouchangshiyonghebuchangzhidu、huanjingzhilitixi、huanjingzhiliheshengtaibaohudeshichangtixi、jixiaokaohehezerenzhuijiuzhidudeng8gefangmiandezhidu、gong80duoxianggaigerenwuhechengguo,gouchengleyuantouyanfang、guochengyanguan、houguoyanchengheduoyuancanyu、jiliyuyueshubingju、xitongwanbeideshengtaiwenmingzhilitixi。

gd视讯  dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuiqiangdiao,yaojianchijiefangsixiang、shishiqiushi,jianchigaigechuangxin,zheligugenji、yangyoushi、buduanban、qiangruoxiang,goujianxitongwanbei、kexueguifan、yunxingyouxiaodezhidutixi,jiaqiangxitongzhili、yifazhili、zonghezhili、yuantouzhili,bawoguozhiduyoushigenghaozhuanhuaweiguojiazhilixiaoneng,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengtigongyoulibaozheng。

gd视讯  bizherenwei,zaimuqianquanmianshenhuagaigexingchengdejianshijichushang,weilaizaituijinguojiashengtaihuanjingzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaguochengzhongrengxugaoduguanzhuruoganjiegouxingwenti。zheilisuoshuodejiegouxingwenti,shizhicongzhilitixidegouchengyaosushangxuyaogaigewanshandefangmian。

从治理体系覆盖的工作领域或对象看,需要补齐3个短板

  yishituijinlvsefazhanzhidu。shengtaihuanjingwentishijingjifazhanfangshiwenti,bixujiangjutideshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhiduheziyuangaoxiaoliyongzhiduqianrujingjifazhandequanguochenghefangfangmianmian,shixianlvsefazhan、gaozhiliangfazhan。dangdeshijiudabaogaojiangtuijinlvsefazhanzuoweishengtaiwenmingjianshedeshouyaorenwu,yaoqiujiakuaijianlilvseshengchanhexiaofeidefalvzhiduhezhengcedaoxiang,jianlijianquanlvseditanxunhuanfazhandejingjitixi。muqiandexiangguanzhengceyiranbijiaolingsan,shangbuzuyixingchengxitongtuidongli。

  zailvseshengchanlingyu,guojiaconghelichanyebuju、diaozhengchanyejiegou、jishuchuangxin、peiyuzhanlvexinxingchanye、jiayanziyuannengyuanxiaohaohewuranpaifangbiaozhundengfangmiancaiqulebushaocuoshi。jinhoudegaigefangxiangshixiangchanyeshengchanguochengdezongshentuijin,yiziyuanhuanjingjixiaoweiyiju,tongguoqingjieshengchan、xunhuanliyonghegongyeshengtaishejidengshouduan,zhidingyixilielvseshengchandexingyebiaozhun,shiziyuantouru、gongyiguochengdaochanpinxingnengdenghuanjiedoufuheshengtaihuanbaoheziyuangaoxiaoliyongdeyaoqiu。

  xiangbijiaoeryan,tuijinlvsexiaofeidezhengceyanzhongzhihou,xuyaogaoduzhongshi。yifangmian,woguoxiaofeiyichengweiladongjingjizengzhangdezhuyaodongli,bingzhengchucongwenbaoxingxiangquanmianxiaokangxingshengjizhuanxingdechuangkouqi,tuidongxingchenglvsexiaofeimoshiyinglaijiyuqi;lingyifangmian,zailaji、wushui、yixiedachengshidexikeliwuwurandenghuanjingwentizhong,xiaofeilingyuyichengweizhuyaodewuranfuhelaiyuan。xiangguanyanjiuxianshi,jinnianlai,xiaofeilingyudeziyuanhuanjingfuhemingxianzengda,bufendixiaoleshengchanlingyuziyuanhuanjingjixiaodetisheng,tuomanlezhenggejingjixitongdelvsezhuanxingjincheng。yinci,jiakuaijianliyindaolvsexiaofeidezhengcejinpoerzhongyao。congshengchanyuxiaofeidezuoyongguanxikan,lvsexiaofeiduidaobishengchandelvsehuafahuizhezhongyaozuoyong;congguangdadelvsexiaofeizhequntihejilixiaofeidezhengceshuxingkan,lvsexiaofeiduijianligongjiangongzhigongxianghejiliyuyueshubingjudeshengtaihuanjingzhilitixiyouzhongyaoyiyi。

  ershishengtaixiufuyubaohuzhidu。youyutizhiyuanyin,woguodeshengtaixiufuyubaohuguanlizhiduzhangqifensanzaibutongdexingyezhuguanbumen,tongyiguihuadengdingcengshejibuzu,zhengtijiancepinggudengjichuzhiduyunenglibijiaoboruo,tongyijianduzhiduanpaibugou。yaoanzhaoxijinpingzongshuji“shanshuilintianhucaoshiyigeshengminggongtongti”desixiang,zheyanyudajingguan、zhengtixing,goujianyitihuadeziranshengtaixiufuyubaohudezhidutixi,bingyuwuranfangzhizhidutixixiangxianjie。

gd视讯  sanshinongcunshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhidu。woguodehuanjingbaohugongzuoqibuyugongyehechengshi,qiezhuyaoyidianyuanweijichu。nongcunderenkou、ziyuanhuanjingwentihejingjishehuizhuangkuangyouqizishendetedian。yinci,qibujiaowandenongcunshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuojidaixingchengfuhenongcunshijidezhilimoshiheguanlizhidu,xuyaojiadagaigedelidu、jiakuaigaigedejincheng。

从治理体系的主体和手段看,有3个薄弱方面需要切实加强

gd视讯  yishiweiraoxiaolv,youhuahuanjingjingjizhengce。conghuanjingjingjiyuanlikan,zaiwuranfangzhigongjianzhanjieduan,minglingkongzhishouduandehuanjingxiaoguomingxian,juyouhelixing,yeshiwoguodezhiduyoushi。danzaijibenjiejuetuchuhuanjingwentihou,huozheshuowuranfangzhijinruchijiuzhanhou,jingjishouduanyaofahuigengdadezuoyong,chengweizhangxiaode、gaoxiaolvdejizhi。zaijiejianguojijingyandejichushang,woguocong20shiji90niandaijiukaishiyinruhejianliduozhonghuanjingjingjizhengce。zaihongguancengmian,jianlileyouliyuziyuanhuanjingbaohudejiage、shuishouhebutiedengzhengce;zaizhongguancengmian,youpaiwushuifei、paifangjiaoyi、lvsexindai、lvsebaoxian、shengtaibuchangdengzhidu。

  woguohuanjingjingjizhengcegaigedefangxiangshiweiraoxiaolvmubiao,youhuahuanjingjingjizhengcedejiegou,tishengzhengcezhiliang。huanjuhuashuo,jiushishouxianquanmianpingguxianyoujingjishouduandexiaolvhexiaoguo,tebieshiliqingjingjishouduanneibujiqiyuwaibudeguanzhishouduandeguanxi,birushuifeiyujiaoyizhiduzhijian、jingjijiliyubiaozhunguanlizhijiandegongnengguanxi,bimiangongnengzhongdieshenzhidajia。zaipinggudejichushang,lishunjingjishouduandeneiwaibuzuoyongguanxi,diaozhengshuliang,youhuazhengcejiegou,dadaoxietonggaoxiaodezhengcemubiao。

  ershijiakuaigoujianhuanjingshehuizhengce。huanjingshehuizhengceshichulishengtaihuanjingyushehuiguanxiwentidezhengce。muqian,woguohuanjingyushehuideguanxizhuangkuangyou3gexianzhudexintezheng。shouxian,gongzhongjiangyoumeishengtaihuanjingzuoweimeihaoshenghuozhiliangzhongyaoneirongderenshiheqidaiyuelaiyuemingxian,congguoquqiu“wenbao”he“shengcun”dezhuangtaijinruqiu“shengtai”he“huanbao”dezhuangtai。qici,wumaidengtuchushengtaihuanjingwentiyiranyanjun,gongzhongduishengtaihuanjingzhiliangdeminganxingzaizengqiang、kuanrongduzaijiangdi,duiwuranzhilideyaoqiugengjiaqianglie。zaici,gongzhongdehuanjingweiquanyishipubianzengqiang、weiquanxingweipubianzengduo,tebieshiwoguoyimingxianjinruhuanjing“linbi”wentijieduan,gongzhongduihuanjingquanyideweihuxingweibujinyou“shihoubujiu”xing,erqieqianyidao“shiqianyufang”xing。

  zheiyihuanjingshehuixingshi,yifangmian,weigaishanhuanjingzhiliduoyuanzhutijiegou,qianghuagongzhongzaishengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuozhongdezuoyong,goujianzhengfu、qiyehegongzhonggongjiangongzhigongxiangdehuanjingzhilitixichuangzaolelianghaodeshehuijichu;lingyifangmian,huanjingshehuifengxianmingxianjiada,bixujiakuaigoujianyinhuanjingwentiyinfadeshehuifengxianfangfanyuyingduizhidutixi。zheilianggefangmiandezhengce,yeshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixianghexijinpingzongshujizaiquanguoshengtaihuanjingbaohudahuishangjianghuajingshendejutiyaoqiu,bixugaoduzhongshi,jiakuaixiangguanzhidujianshejincheng。

  sanshiqianghuashengtaihuanjingjishufuwutixi。huanjingwuran、shengtaipohuaiyidanfasheng,zhilihexiufuzuizhongshiyaoyikaojishushouduan。falv、xingzheng、jingji、shehuidengzhengcedejibenzuoyong,yishiweilecujinyufang,ershiweiletuidongzhili。

  zhangqiyilai,youlianggezhongyaowentishizhongkunraoheyanzhongzhiyuezhewoguoshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuojinchenghexiaoguo: yigeshibushaodifangdangweizhengfubushizhenzhongshishengtaihuanbaogongzuo,daozhiguojiadehuanjingguanlizhidu、guihuahecuoshi“xuanzaibankong”erluobuledi,huozheyouyuyingfusaizeershiluodidadazhekou;lingyigeshihenduoqiyebushizhenxiangzhiliwuran,buzhudongjianshezhilisheshi,youzhilisheshiyewangwangbuzhengchangyunxing,weifapaiwuxianxiangchengweichangtai。dangdeshibadayilai,qiansuoweiyoudehuanbaoducha(cha)heyangezhifashiwoguohuanjingjianguandexingshizhengzaifashengzhidebianhua,difangzhengfu“buzuowei”、qiye“buxiangzhi”detuchuwentizhengzaixiangdifangzhengfu“buhuiguan”、qiye“buhuizhi”dewentizhuanbian。dangran,bushaodiquyiranshiliangleiwentibingcun。

gd视讯  zheiyixinbianhua,shicongrenshiwenti、taiduwentidaojishuwenti、xiaolvwentidebianhua,zuizhongyingxiangdedoushizhilianggaishandexiaoguowenti。renshihetaiduwentidejiejue,keyihuodejiaogaodechuqibianjizhilixiaoguo;danjishuwentihuizhijiezhiyuehouqibianjizhilixiaoguodetigao,yejiushishuo,gongjianzhanxiangzongshenfazhanguochengzhong,jishudezuoyonghuigengjiamingxian。zheiyixinbianhua,daliangshifangchuleduizhengcezhidao、zhilifanganyanjiu、shiyongjishuxuanzedexuqiukongjian,erqiefeichangpoqie。zongtishangkan,xianyoudezhengfutuidongshengtaihuanjingjishujifuwudetizhijizhihezhengcecuoshi,yijixiangguandeshichangfayuqingkuanghaibunengmanzuwuranfangzhigongjianzhandexiangguanxuqiu。

gd视讯  yinci,jiakuaigoujianheqianghuashengtaihuanjingjishufuwutixi,shiwoguoshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuoxiangzongshentuijinguochengzhongdebiranyaoqiu,yeshiluoshixijinpingzongshujigdshixunbangfuqiyezhiliwuranzhishijingshendejutitixian。

优先提升地方生态环境治理能力

  jingguobenlunxingzhengtizhigaigehechuizhiguanligaige,zhongyangbenjiheshengjishengtaihuanjingxingzhengzhuguanbumendenenglihegongzuojizhidedaolejiaodachengdudejiaqianghegaishan。zongtishangkan,muqianhaiyou3gefangmianzhilinenglixuyaogaoduzhongshi,jinyibutongguogaigelaijiaqiang。

  yishihuanjingkexueyanjiu、jishukaifa、guanlizhichengdeduiwuguimobugou、shuipingbugao,duigejizhengfudeshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuodejishuzhichinenglibuzu。

  ershishengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuojishizhuanyexinghenqiangdezhengzhigongzuo,yeshizhengzhixinghenqiangdezhuanyegongzuo。muqian,difangdangweizhengfutebieshishixianliangjiduishengtaihuanjingbaohudezhuanyelingdaolipianruo。

gd视讯  sanshishixianliangjishengtaihuanjingxingzhengzhuguanbumenjiqijiancejianchaduiwudeguimo、jishuzhuangbei,tebieshizhuanyehuanenglibushiyingwuranfangzhigongjiandexuyao。zheixienenglizhuangkuangzhijieyingxiangshengtaiwenmingjianshehewuranfangzhigongjianzhandejinchenghezhiliang,bixufangdaoyouxiandeweizhitongchoubushuhequanmiantuidong。


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